A long time ago, in December 1916, ninety years ago, the Italian Jusep-Fabry first came to Aburakawa. Here he wants to make canned sardines. At first, they rented a private house and produced it little by little, but two years later, in 1918, they bought about one hectare of land on the banks of the Shitamachi Beigawa River, and a large wooden factory and brick office work. I built a factory and a house. And here, we produced canned sardines, tuna, quinces, green peas, etc. in earnest. The product was shipped to Japan, but was also exported to Italy and Southeast Asia through his parent company.
Meanwhile, Fabry bought three hectares of land in Terauchino to self-sufficient food and opened a farm and ranch there. He raised livestock such as cows, horses and chickens on the ranch and planted tomatoes, potatoes and green peas in the fields. About 80 people, including factories and farms, were hired by people from Aburakawa and nearby rural areas.
By the way, it seems that tomatoes began to be cultivated by general farmers other than the Agricultural Experiment Station in the Showa era. However, in 1918, a year ago, in Yukawa, it was cultivated for food, so Yukawa was said to be the birthplace of tomatoes.
Fabry's canning factory was equipped with shiny double-type boilers, seal winders, can-making machines, countertops, etc., which were ordered from the home country, and trolley tracks were laid on the floor. In addition, a pier protruding into the sea about 30 meters was erected on the coast, and a fishing boat with an engine was moored there.
On the other hand, at that time, there were two canning companies in Aomori City, but the production system was still beyond the scope of cottage industries and handicrafts, so I was surprised to see a factory equipped with Fabry's modern equipment. I did. It is said that this was an important opportunity for the Aomori City canning industry to flourish. It would also have been a pioneer in attracting foreign companies in Aomori Prefecture.
The cost that Fabry used for land acquisition and capital investment to build a factory was 200,000 yen at that time. If you go back to your current money, it will be roughly 600 million. The enormous cost was not paid by Fabry himself, but by a loan from Kobe's Onvale Company.
Fabry was born in 1886 at 14 Via Delabide, Rome, Italy. He served as a non-commissioned officer of the Italian Guard Cavalry in his youth and came to Japan at the age of fifty.
He initially sold foreign films in Kobe. Around that time, I focused on catching delicious sardines (sardines) everywhere in the waters near Japan, similar to his hometown of Sardinia, and came up with the idea of commercializing them. He first asked the Tokyo Higher Fisheries Research Institute and was taught that good quality sardines could be caught inexhaustibly in Rikuoku Bay, Aomori Prefecture.
When I came to the Aomori Prefectural Office and met with the then Governor Kawamura Takeji and asked if I would like to build a full-scale canning factory in this area using sardines from Mutsu Bay and start production, the governor said that he was the mayor of Aburakawa Village Nishida. He introduced me to Hachiro Hayashi.
From the cage, Mayor Nishida decided that the town system enforcement campaign was underway, and that if a canning factory with modern equipment was built in the village, the village would be healthy and lead to future development. After this process, the Italian, Jusep-Fabry, came to Aburakawa.
However, on July 4, 1918, three months after the industry was completed and production began to start, Fabry became a person who could not fall back to the sickness. Soon the factory was closed, those who worked were fired, and the management of the building was left to the village office.
Because Japan has no relatives at all, the funeral was decided to be held by the village office, and a Catholic priest was called from Aomori and buried politely in the Terauchino Cemetery.
Later, at the time of the 10th anniversary memorial service in 1927, a large tomb with a unique design was erected on the boiler. In Showa 43, people who used to work at factories and farms and those who took care of attracting factories gathered and the 50th anniversary memorial service was gracefully held at Meishoji Temple.
The tomb was moved to Myojoji Temple in 1932 because Terauchino became an airfield.
As the ruins of Fabry, the Italian Pavilion remains in addition to the tomb of Myojoji Temple.
The Italian Pavilion, commonly known as the Italian Pavilion, is now the residence of the dried fish shop Marutoshi Fisheries, but it was once the emigration building of Fabry and also the office of the company name "Franco Italian Oil Company". The original red bricks of the building can still be seen in the warehouses and moats on the side of the road.
The walls of the purlin are painted with mortar, but the base remains the original bricks. There was also a kettle for baking bread in the back of the main building.
The bricks are made in Italy, and the design and construction of the Western-style building was done by Unes, an engineer dispatched from the parent company Kobe Onvale Shokai. The interior has been largely remodeled, but the mantelpieces in each room are still the same. By the way, it was Aomori Yasukata's Awaya Dry Goods Dealer who adjusted the set of window curtains at the beginning of construction, and the person who came to the business was Yuzo Awaya when he was young.
The Terauchino Farm, which seems to have made you feel a foreign country mood with several ranches and work huts lined up, was later included in the site of Aomori Airfield and became a part of the current Nogiwa Danchi. I did.
The appearance of a foreigner riding a two-headed carriage and playing the mandolin lonely every night was seen by the villagers with surprise and aesthetics.
Fabry stayed in this town for only two years. However, the economic and cultural benefits left by a large foreign-owned canning factory in the town were enormous.
Therefore, I think that the achievement should be passed down to posterity for a long time and should be stored in the history of the town. Furthermore, in the midst of today's internationalization era, it is a big mission for 10,000 townspeople to make use of this event that once happened in our town to promote international goodwill.
May 2, 1996 Genkicho Aburakawa Bussankan (Shinichi Kimura)